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    posted a message on Best Programming Language for Creating a MMO(RPG) Game?

    We have a realistic understanding of software development. We either work as software developers to make our living, or we do it as a hobby. Either way it's years ahead of the level of experience that leads to the sort of questions as originally posed in this thread.


    I can't find this fabled website with the noted discussion. People will say a lot of things to get noticed. They may as well have said they made their own version of youtube and hosted it from home. Most charitable interpretation would be that they created a MUD, which seems likely since it was a big thing some time ago- even so calling it an MMO is a bit misleading.



    It's not that hard guys...

    I've been a software developer for over 10 years and I like to think I have a reasonable idea on how software development works, and one of the easiest rules is that anything you think is going to be easy is not going to be easy. "Trivial" operations get loaded down as you suddenly learn about edge cases through testing, etc. Even with that in mind I still think "That should be easy" and it becomes a non-trivial mess. The devil is always in the details and from a surface level one might not consider those.

    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Nintendo Switch

    It was going to be a day One buy for me from the start as long as it didn't do anything really weird, like, Anal controllers or something, which it doesn't appear to have done.


    It's worth noting that the screen images in the trailer were added after the fact- we aren't looking at a switch running those games. This leaves (IMO) the question of what the resolution of the switch display is. I hope it's higher than the Wii U's tablet.


    As far as "gimmicks" go, they are not unique to Nintendo (MS tried to force the kinect on everyone, for example). But they are necessary for Nintendo. Reason being that Nintendo simply cannot make a console with the same overall design goals as the XBox or Playstation the system competes with, because they would get their butt kicked.


    The Nintendo GameCube and the Nintendo 64 both got creamed by the Playstation; even the Gamecube barely outsold the XBox, which is saying something because that was literally Microsoft's first console and MS still came within a hair of selling more units than the company that effectively revitalized the industry.


    The Wii was the result of Nintendo reacting to that change in perhaps the most genius way. The PS3 and the XBox 360 consoles were sold at a loss by both companies and they still couldn't come anywhere near the Wii which was sold with a positive margin.


    However Nintendo underestimated the attach rate of the casual demographic they had tapped into. They lost the Casual demographic with the Wii U because even though who knew what it is didn't care- they had Wii Bowling and all that already so they didn't need a new system. "Core Gamers" at that point were old enough that they didn't grow up with Nintendo, so there was no affinity for Nintendo. Meanwhile, that demographic is obsessed, somewhat unhealthily, with framerates, resolution, and hardware specs, which was another area that the Wii U fell short of the competition.



    The Switch has to compete on several fronts. The biggest one is that they lost touch with the original "core gamer" that t hey in some sense created with the NES. Arguably, Core gamers abandoned Nintendo starting with the N64, and Nintendo reacted- but that's water under the bridge. Bringing users back to Nintendo is an uphill battle because they tend to be incredibly argumentative, pessimistic, and quick to point our flaws to justify returning to the warm embrace of their Playstation or XBox system.

    At the same time, getting those users back is necessary because the "Casual" demographic they tapped into with the Wii has no loyalty, unlike "core gamers" who will tend to be loyal (within reason) and furthermore think you need to have a new console from each generation to be hip and cool and pop 'n fresh.

    The second aspect which is part of the first one is that the hardware would need to be competitive, but so, too, would price. Nintendo can't
    even hope to achieve these goals completely in one cycle- Microsoft and Sony got a larger install base by selling their systems at a loss and
    earning brand loyalty, ever stronger now that enough time has passed that young adults who grew up on the XBox and PS3 are getting their own
    income to buy new systems and have a nostalgia of their own for Halo, not Super Mario. If Nintendo is going to sell a competitive console it
    is going to be at a similar price point, which means the system needs to be competitive at other levels as well.



    Not only does it need to be competitive in other respects such as third party support, but it has to provide a significant reason to use it over the systems that your typical "core gamer" is going to be loyal to. From what we've seen it seems the portability aspect of the system is supposed to be that feature, and if the other aspects of the system stack up, including third party support, it may do quite well even if the cost is the same as the current competition. All else being equal, the sort of gamer that Nintendo wants to get a switch is going to instead get a PS4 Pro or a XBox One S (or Scorpio or whatever they are calling it)



    Until Nintendo re-establishes a much wider install base they cannot attempt to fight Microsoft and Sony in a head-to-head battle like we saw with say the SNES and the Genesis/Mega drive. Sega was only able to really become a secondary player in the market by exploiting Nintendo's weaknesses in that market; Nintendo will have to do the same if they have any hope of getting modern Console gamers back into their fold. And now one of their competitors is pretty much the face of cutthroat business tactics- It's unlikely that Nintendo will get lucky and have a case like Sega where internal strife and poor organization practically move their competitor aside for them, and Nintendo simply cannot run their engines off purely nostalgia for much longer, as the generation that grew up on Super Mario is no longer the core demographic- they need to sell this system to the kids that grew up on the XBox or the PS3 now, and that's going to be a hard sell.

    Posted in: General Gaming
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    posted a message on Why you should NOT downgrade to a windows 10 computer.
    Quote from Waylon8tor»

    I'd recommend installing Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB.

    Presumably, you are also advocating piracy since the only way to get that is with a Volume Licensing Agreement.
    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Best OS for a netbook?

    Unless somebody can personally say they have that exact system and run Linux on it then we cannot say it is a good option. When it comes to lower-end systems Linux doesn't tend to run very well, except if you get specific, low-end oriented distributions. Unfortunately things like VectorLinux and Puppy Linux don't have the same huge community support as Ubuntu or Mint, so if you have problems you'll be looking through generic "Linux" troubleshooting and trying to figure out how to apply it to your distribution. With that system users have claimed success with Linux Lite. Though you won't be able to run Windows Software/games. (excepting WINE, though how well that will run is another question)


    I've tried various flavours Linux on a variety of my "older" systems and every time found it to be unacceptable. There is either no documentation, software packages don't work, the Desktop Environment is limited, or any number of other limitations. Sometimes the Desktop Environment flat out doesn't work.


    The concerns regarding Windows XP are largely overstated. Fact is, for hardware like this, it simply runs much better. It no longer being supported or how long ago support stopped or any number of other facts are inconsequential- it was designed precisely for the kind of hardware you are looking at. I have systems running Windows XP just fine (Thinkpad T41 and a Pentium 4 system). Somehow they haven't been compromised by the "security" boogeyman. Security patches are important, but altogether meaningless. Go ahead and read up on any specific security update. Very specific circumstances are practically always necessary for them to be exploited. Software Exploits and security holes are massively overrated when it comes to their actual presence in real-world "hacks", most of them are made completely redundant by simply being behind a NAT.


    Compromised systems are compromised, by and large, not because of security or software exploits, but because of ignorant or inattentive users. Users don't get infected because a remote attacker secretly was able to exploit a vulnerability. They typically get infected because they explicitly run trojan horse software without vetting it (it's just a fun screensaver, I'm sure it's fine). Even the vulnerabilities pretty much always require user action- the famous WMF Windows Metafile exploit that got so much coverage last year would require visiting a specific website in Internet Explorer, downloading a exploited WMF and previewing it. That is a very potent infection vector but a diligent user should know not to use awful browsers, arbitrarily click links that lead to weird domains, or listen to instructions saying "hai download and preview this wmf thx"

    Posted in: Hardware & Software Support
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    posted a message on OS Install Program

    I'm not sure where you read that Windows 98SE was "USB Install friendly". It's not. It barely supports USB at all.


    You can start setup through USB Boot, but it loses accesses to the install media once it installs drivers for the USB Root Hub. This is the same issue that Windows XP has.


    Workarounds typically involving using Boot software which will boot from a USB drive and then includes low-level drivers to create a "fake" Optical Drive and mount an ISO to it, so when Windows installs USB drivers it does not lose access to the boot media.

    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Old Software On New Hardware

    As Dell doesn't support Operating Systems other than XP on the 2400, it will be necessary to find the drivers from the device manufacturers site. For example, The Integrated Intel 82845G Graphics drivers for Windows 98SE are on the Intel website: https://downloadcenter.intel.com/product/81530. It would be necessary to do this for each device, and you may find yourself "stonewalled" as there may be devices for which such drivers are either not provided or possibly even no longer available.


    Depending on the game, you can usually find source ports. I cannot think of many Windows 9x titles which do not run on Windows XP.


    For a dual boot the best approach is installing them chronologically. I'm sure it is possible to install Windows 98 after Windows XP but I doubt it's particularly straightforward, particularly given that Windows 98SE doesn't support the same file systems.


    As for the security concerns raised- I don't think there is anything to be concerned about security wise with Windows 98SE today. It is not secure, however, it is also nowhere near a target. Windows XP is a much larger target and malware has been designed against the NT subsystem for over a decade. There probably isn't even malware in the wild that is even capable of running on Windows 98SE, let alone infecting it.

    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Monitoring Computer Stats???
    It's likely the system would run far better with Windows XP. Of course, that would have the trade off that much software is dropping support for Windows XP now that Microsoft has.
    You shouldn't see much of impact on performance if you connect the second monitor. The Graphics card should be able to handle the additional resolution without issues. Bujt be sure to run a monitor program that doesn't have a big impact itself. I myself am partial to HWMonitor.
    Also how are you playing games on a computer that old.
    As hard as it may be to believe, games did exist before 2003.
    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Minecraft tracking and security (They found where I lived, Smart)

    For some reason, despite living on Canada's West Coast, IP locators often show my location as Toronto, Ontario.


    I don't recall how many times but at least once I've had somebody show off their "haxor" skills by using a geolocation service and stating I was in Toronto.


    What makes it funnier is the fact that I've made no effort to hide that information. My username is directly linked to my website which has an accurate whois record with my full name and address.

    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on Short Game "Theory" Rant
    Quote from coolcat430»

    (This is directed at your "stupid theory" points)

    I'm sure people thought that continental drift was stupid, or that the concept of gravity was stupid. All of humanity used to believe the Earth was flat, and thought that the world being a sphere was idiotic. That doesn't make it false. Just because you feel that the theory is dumb, has no point, and will never be true, does not mean that subscribing to that theory is also dumb.

    Missed this thread. Bit old - nearly a year, but may as well.

    The problem here is that "Game Theories" are not Scientific theories. Gravity, Electromagnetism, heliocentrism, and other theories are *scientific* in nature. That is, they are based on empirical evidence, observation and measurement. A "Game Theory" is based on selective observation, logical leaps, and wilful ignorance of contrary evidence. In that sense it would be in good company with the "Greek style" of science. "Science" at the time was largely based on philosophy, with very little observation, or even confirmation of that which was reasoned. In particular, the Greek way of "doing science" was basically to think about it. It was believed that thought could figure out the truth by pure reason, without any real empirical observation. As we now know, this is pretty much nonsense, and a lot of the "obvious facts" taken for granted then are known to be ridiculous now, such as heavier objects falling faster, The "Elements" of Earth/Air/Water/Fire, Heliocentrism, and the like. The idea that the Earth was round- unlike textbooks portray it- was neither new, nor fringe theory at the time of Columbus, where many people incorrectly learn that everybody thought the World was flat and he would sail off the edge.

    Modern scientific theories are well-tested and proven hypotheses regarding how the world works- it is incredibly daft to even compare the theory of electromagnetism, the germ theory of disease, Newtons 3rd Law of gravitation, Boyle's Law, General Relativity, et al to a game "theory" about a character being dead. The former have real value. The latter is coming up with a poorly supported idea, and supporting it by finding ways of painting evidence with a brush that allows it to fit into that theory. Can't lie, there is entertainment value there in seeing what wild logical leaps, unsupported assertions, assumptions, and leaps of logic need to be taken to support the asinine and ridiculous ideas that are being presented.
    Posted in: General Gaming
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    posted a message on I need to download VB Express Edition 2008 for my compsci class at school. I can't seem to find it through Google.

    Microsoft download for Visual Studio 2008 Express can be found here.

    Posted in: Computer Science and Technology
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    posted a message on The PC I'm Saving up for [Finished]

    I was reading the actual agreement(s) in question. (Mind you, it was Windows 8.1's OEM license). The License Agreement outlines the liabilities and responsibilities between Microsoft and the System Builder and the System Builder and the End User. in at least 8.1 and earlier, the agreement specifically states that the two can be the same, which means that Microsoft's responsibilities towards the System Builder apply to the End User, and Microsoft is responsible for providing technical support to the System Builder.


    I think I understand the confusion about upgrades. OEM Windows installations do receive ALL upgrades going forward, the confusion seems to be because the OEM software cannot be used to upgrade previous versions. For example a Retail Windows 8.1 can be used to upgrade a Windows 7 system, but an OEM Windows 8.1 must be clean installed. If it's a new PC that doesn't matter at all.


    Both of those articles contain information that directly contradict information in the licensing agreement. Ed Bott's article basically says that all Microsoft official documentation on the issue is wrong, while also contradicting the license agreement text. For a while while reading it, I wondered why he didn't reach out with a PGI- like myself, he's a Microsoft MVP, just fire off an E-mail to his MVP lead and get an official answer. Apparently he did- and Microsoft officially told them that he was wrong, which he simply denied. (And he actually put that in as evidence that Microsoft doesn't know the correct answer!). This level of accuracy is not surprising, as he has also stated that it takes 24 hours to install Windows 7.


    I'm no lawyer myself but a lot of what both those articles state is sourced from places other than the license agreement, while directly contradicting it; and that information that is sourced from the agreement is only interpreted in a very specific way, or even disregarding definitions of terms earlier in the agreement. As the license agreement is the legal agreement, and the accompanying system builder material is not, if there are conflicts, I'm quite certain that the legally binding agreement wins, not the mistaken information attempting to explain it.

    Posted in: Building, Parts & Peripherals
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    posted a message on The PC I'm Saving up for [Finished]


    OEM stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer, which means that it is intended for companies that will build a computer and install an OEM version of windows onto the system and sell it.



    The End User receives support from the System builder, and the System Builder receives support from Microsoft. So if you use an OEM copy and install it yourself, as the system builder, you are entitled to support from Microsoft, even if you are also the End User.





    It doesn't come with upgrades because you're not selling, therefore authenticating, the copy of windows.




    OEM copies of Windows literally stated for some time in their EULA that the System Builder can be the same entity as the End User. The Windows 10 OEM System Builder's FAQ explicitly says that you can resell unopened OEM packages. It's only issue is with selling the OEM keys since they are also tied to the software package. Windows 10 installations- OEM or otherwise- include upgrades going forward.

    Posted in: Building, Parts & Peripherals
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    posted a message on Best GTX 1070 to buy?

    I got a 1070 just yesterday, myself, off Amazon, to upgrade my 770. my selection was limited as I'm Canadian though and our dollar is a bit awful right now.


    looking on amazon.com, I don't think you can go wrong with the choices there- I see Gigabyte, MSI, Zotac, EVGA, ASUS, all good brands from what I understand.

    Posted in: Building, Parts & Peripherals
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    posted a message on The PC I'm Saving up for [Finished]

    Cool, that will let you bring it forward to later systems as well.


    Another perk could be the packaging, however I'm not sure. I bought an OEM Windows XP Professional fo $240 dollars and it was basically a disc and the Windows XP Product Key sticker.


    Another issue I found, which I noted but didn't explain, is how it becomes tied to the machine. That OEM copy of Windows XP Pro is completely useless to me. the Product key won't activate on any system at all, because it is tied to a very old system that I don't even have any more. Not only that, but the Disc won't accept retail product keys, so it's largely useless. I don't think those restrictions have been loosened. So a retail copy tends to be better in the long run, I think.

    Posted in: Building, Parts & Peripherals
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    posted a message on Experiencing odd and frustrating behavior with an old laptop.

    You might try installing MS-DOS 6.22 itself on the HDD and then run setup from the Windows disc. (CD-ROM drives need Drivers but there are generic drivers that can be used for any Disc drive, though I suspect you already know this).

    From what I can find for the AST models released in 1997, the system BIOS uses "revised ECHS" so it would have an upper limit on drive size of around 7.9GB. With possibly a later BIOS version being available to raise that to 8.4GB with Assisted LBA, so it's interesting that it would have worked. Possibly it has an even later BIOS patch?


    Not having that specific laptop or having issues like that previously myself that I recall, I don't know how much more help I can be.


    Though reading back I'm not certain I fully understand the problem. Am I correct in saying that you boot initially to a DOS Floppy, and use Fdisk to repartition the HDD, and then when you reboot and try to boot from the Windows 98 disc, it seems to hang with a blinking cursor?

    Posted in: Hardware & Software Support
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