Good news! My team QwertCraft have been doing some research and we have figured out that it isn't impossible.
During our researches, we came across Galacticraft mod and if you don't know all ready, they use a dimensional gateway to each world, so if you would be alright with having a transmission with flying to space, and having only maybe 10-100 planets, then YES! It is possible!
If you would like a mod like this, it would take a lot of effort to make random generated space areas that need to link to planets and there looks so, that's a lot of pixel art to do. Plus, need to make all the functions of 'once I go this high' or 'once I go this low'. So with maybe a year or so of work, it could be done.