1st thing, Thaumcraft Ores, You Need to mine these in order to get going in thaumcraft.
Top row left to right: Order shards, Entropy shards, Amber.
Bottom row left to right: Cinnabar, Air shards, Fire Shards and water shards.
Next after you have mined at least one of each of them except the dark red one(cinnabar) and the orange one(Amber), you can make a thaumometer.Recipe:
But before that, you will need a wand. To make the most basic and simple wand, you need 2 Iron caps and a stick. Iron Caps are made with iron nuggets which are made by putting an Iron ingot in your crafting table. Recipe here:
A wand can hold the 5 primal aspects: Ignis, Aqua, Terra, Order and Predito. You fill the wand up by holding right-click on an Aura Node. They are found scattered around the world. The aura node has one or more of the primal aspects but if your are lucky, it may have a different aspect that is made by combining aspects.
You will find these throughout the world and to charge your wand, hold right-click to fill it up BUT BE CAREFUL, if you drain all of one aspect from a node, it has a chance to not recharge it and get rid of the node. Maybe some later research will help with that......
Now you may be asking, then why do I need my thaumometer? Good question, the thaumometer is used to discover aspects in blocks AND items. Put it in your hand. Hold right-click on a piece of cobble with it, did something appear on the lower-right side of the screen? If the answer is yes, you just researched your first block! You may get a popup there that says Aspect discovered: Saxum or something like that. If you got that, you have discovered your first non-primal aspect! In order to discover a new aspect, 2 of your existing aspects you know about have to combine to get the new aspect. Keep scanning everything you find, if you get: You do now have the knowledge to understand this completely, don't worry, it only means there is 1 or more aspects you can't get the required aspects to make or research the new aspect. If it says, Nothing can be learned from this, it means exactly what the message means. It is probably a modded item that thaumcraft doesn't know about but still, keep scanning.