Everything on this list is renewable, except for the following: quicksilver, flint, redstone, soul sand, amber, glass and dirt. All entries contain at least one renewable object.
Some entries also mention a type of essentia they can be centrifuged from, which is itself easy to get.
Tip for tools, boats and other things that don't stack: The arcane workbench holds items in place even when the GUI is not open. Arrange enough items for the desired quantity, take as many as your inventory will hold, load them into a hopper connected to the furnace, and keep collecting from the workbench as you free up inventory space.
All types of essentia can also be obtained from mana beans and, to a lesser extent, ethereal essence.
and to farm them, i just place a world anchor, and leave a couple of crystal clusters near the research table, (it slowly regens the aspect of that type while the chunk is loaded)
then run around in a mystcraft age, (i use caves, cause it acts as a superflat at the height of a regular world) finding al the dungeons, youlld get some good pages to make more ages, and you get a TON of knowledge fragments, (i got about 3 stacks from 2 hours of running around with quantum pants and quantum boots) and each knowledge fragment gives you about, 1-3 of each primal aspect. i believe, so a couple hours of farming, and youll have the aspects generated from your crystal clusters, the aspects you get from scanning dungeon nodes, and the primal aspects you got from the knowledge fragments, (those of which can be used to make EVERY OTHER ASPECT, incase you didnt know.) so good luck and happy farming!