dxdiag if useful:
---- Minecraft Crash Report ----
// Would you like a cupcake?
Time: 10/13/17 12:49 AM
Description: Initializing game
org.lwjgl.LWJGLException: Pixel format not accelerated
at org.lwjgl.opengl.WindowsPeerInfo.nChoosePixelFormat(Native Method)
Your graphics chip does not support OpenGL on Windows 10. It might work if you downgraded to Windows 7, although the CPU is also below the minimum requirements, so even if it worked, it would probably be unplayably slow.
Really, the computer is just too old.